When Russia invaded Ukraine in February 2022, it thought the transatlantic resolve against its aggression would be shattered. But in the months since Russia began this war, the West has remained resolute, largely demonstrating a common understanding of the need to support Ukraine with military and humanitarian aid.
As the war drags on and the needs of the Ukrainian people and military become more acute, the European Center uses open-source information to track the contributions of individual states across Europe and North America to support military and humanitarian efforts in Ukraine. The interactive maps below illustrate the unity of the West’s response in aid to Ukraine and include information detailing each country’s contributions since the start of the war (and even before, for some countries) .
Click on a country for more details. Select a button to filter by NATO or European Union membership.
Key points to remember
Opening Rush: The biggest wave of aid from the West was sent immediately after Russia began its invasion on February 24. During the first week, twenty-eight countries sent military aid and twenty-six countries sent humanitarian aid. Since then, aid packages have slowed and stretched out, but several countries are still maintaining their contributions. For example, fourteen countries sent military aid in the rest of March and twenty countries sent military aid in April.
Geography matters: As many Western countries rushed to prepare aid packages as soon as Russia invaded Ukraine, former Soviet or Warsaw Pact countries on the eastern front generally responded faster and with more robust military aid. . Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Czech Republic and Poland were among eight countries that had already sent lethal military aid to Ukraine the month before the Russian invasion. The Balkan countries, including Yugoslavia’s successor states, were less likely to provide military aid, with only three of the seven successor states sending lethal aid.
Humanitarian policy: Unsurprisingly, there are more Western countries willingly sending humanitarian aid than military aid. While some countries canceled the sending of all military aid at the start of the conflict (eg Hungary, Serbia and Bulgaria), the sending of humanitarian aid enjoys wide support. Thirty-two countries provide some form of military aid, while thirty-seven provide state-sponsored humanitarian aid.
Comparative advantages: Most Western countries are doing what they can to support Ukraine, with many relying on their own comparative advantages to choose what aid to send. For example, Germany, the United Kingdom and especially the United States send military aid packages (lethal and non-lethal) to Ukraine more often than most other countries. Meanwhile, of the ten Western countries that send no military aid, nine have sent humanitarian aid.
General solidarity: Although a few countries are still refraining from sending certain types of aid, it is clear that the conversation about whether and how to support Ukraine is taking place in all capitals on both sides of the Atlantic. Within countries, several ministries or branches of government combine their efforts to further assist civilians, often in partnership with non-governmental organizations, by assembling and sending humanitarian aid ranging from medicine and food to shelter supplies and bailout to Ukraine. In terms of military assistance, the West stepped up even more as Ukrainian resistance proved itself. More countries have rushed to send aid, including lethal aid, as Ukraine’s demands have shifted from defensive weapons to heavy weapons and artillery.
The data for these visualizations was collected from various online sources and includes details of military and humanitarian aid sent to Ukraine since the start of 2022 from forty individual countries in Europe and North America. The dataset only includes aid sent to support military or humanitarian efforts in Ukraine and does not include aid sent to support efforts in neighboring countries.
The Military Aid Tracker categorizes countries by the type of military aid they have sent, whether it is lethal aid, non-lethal aid, both, or both. ‘none. Humanitarian aid tracking only shows state-sponsored aid, not private donations.
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