Lehmann, J., Coumou, D. & Frieler, K. Increase in record precipitation events under global warming. Air conditioning To change 132501-515 (2015).
Fowler, HJ et al. Anthropogenic intensification of short-term rainfall extremes. Nat. Rev. Earth Environ. 2107-122 (2021).
Pall, P., Allen, MR & Stone, DA Clausius–Clapeyron stress test on extreme precipitation variations under CO2 warming up. Air conditioning dyn. 28351–363 (2007).
Robinson, A. et al. Increased heat and extreme precipitation now well outside the historic climate. npj Clim. atmosphere. Science. 445 (2021).
Pfleiderer, P. et al. Summer weather becomes more persistent in a 2°C world. Nat. Air conditioning Chang. 9666–671 (2019).
Kornhuber, K. & Tamarin‐Brodsky, T. Future changes in the persistence of Northern Hemisphere summer weather patterns related to projected Arctic warming. Geophys. Res. Lett. 48e2020GL091603 (2021).
Hutter, G. Collaborative governance and rare floods in urban regions – coping with uncertainty and surprise. About. Science. Policy 55302–308 (2016).
Di Matteo, M. et al. Mastering stormwater storage as a system: an opportunity to reduce urban flood peaks for rare and long duration storms. About. Model. Software 11134–41 (2019).
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Environmental Information Centers. US climate data online. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/ (2022).
LeComte, D. US Weather Highlights: 2021 Hurricane Ida, Historic Cold, Heat, Drought, and Severe Storms. Weather report 7514–23 (2022).
Kreienkamp, F. et al. Rapid attribution of heavy rainfall events leading to severe flooding in Western Europe in July 2021. https://www.worldweatherattribution.org/wp-content/uploads/Scientific-report-Western-Europe-floods-2021-attribution.pdf ( 2021).
Cornwall, Western Europe’s deadly floods leave scientists stunned. Science 373372–373 (2021).
NOAA National Environmental Information Centers. State of the Climate: World Climate Report for the year 2021. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/202113 (2021).
Chan, FKS et al. Transformation to resilient sponge cities in China. Nat. Rev. Earth Environ. 399-101 (2022).
Hemmati, M., Ellingwood, BR & Mahmoud, HN The role of urban growth in community resilience to flood risk. future of earth 8e2019EF001382 (2020).
Padilla, L., Dryhurst, S., Hosseinpour, H. & Kruczkiewicz, A. Challenges of Visualizing Multiple Risk Uncertainty and Ways Forward. Front. Psychol. 19579207 (2021).
Haer, T., Husby, TG, Botzen, WJW & Aerts, JCJH The paradox of safe development: an agent-based model for flood risk under climate change in the European Union. Global. About. To change 60102009 (2020).
Hemmati, M., Hussam, N., Ellingwood, BR & Crooks Shaping urbanization to create sustainable flood-resilient communities. About. Res. Lett. 16094033 (2021).
Gasper, R., Blohm, A. & Ruth, M. Social and economic impacts of climate change on the urban environment. Running. Notice. About. Sustain. 3150-157 (2011).
Solecki, W. et al. A conceptual framework for a typology of urban areas to integrate climate change mitigation and adaptation. Urban air conditioning. 14116-137 (2015).
Creutzig, F. et al. Improving urban data science for global climate solutions. Global sustainability 2E2 (2019).
Romero-Lankao, P. et al. Potential for urban transformation in a changing climate. Nature Air conditioning. To change 8754–756 (2018).
Bai, X. et al. Six research priorities for cities and climate change. Nature 55523-25 (2018).
Nygren, A. Inequality and Interconnectivity: Urban Spaces of Justice in Mexico. Geoforum 89145-154 (2018).
Walker, RH Engineering Gentrification: Urban Redevelopment, Sustainability Policy, and Stormwater Management Green Infrastructure in Minneapolis. J. About. Policy plan. 23646–664 (2021).
Alamdari, N. & Hogue, T. Assessing the effects of climate change on urban watersheds: a review and call for future research. About. Round. 3061–71 (2022).
Rosenzweig, B. et al. Developing knowledge systems for urban resilience in the face of torrential rains. About. Science. Policy 99150-159 (2019).
Babovic, F., Mijic, A. & Madani, K. Decision making under deep uncertainty to adapt urban drainage systems to change. Urban water J. 15552–560 (2018).
Jongman, B. Effective adaptation to increased flood risk. Nat. Common. 91986 (2018).
Kruczkiewicz, A. et al. Flood risk and monitoring data for preparedness and response: from availability to use. In: Global Drought and Flood: Observation, Modeling and Prediction (eds Wu, H., Lettenmaier, DP, Tang, Q., & Ward, PJ) 289–306 (Wiley, 2021).
Collier, CG The impact of urban areas on weather. QJR Meteol. Soc. 1321–25 (2006).
Ashley, WS, Bentley, ML & Stallins, JA Modification of urban-induced thunderstorms in the southeastern United States. Air conditioning To change 113481–498 (2012).
Hemmati, M. et al. Untangling the complexity of human behavior and urbanization on the vulnerability of communities to flooding. Science. representing 1120085 (2021).
Praharaj, S. et al. Assessing the reliability of flood incident reports collected using Waze data: a case study from Norfolk, Virginia. Transp. Res. Rec. 2675650–662 (2021).
Ilieva, RT & McPhearson, T. Social media data for urban sustainability. Nat. Sustain. 1553–565 (2018).
Velez et al. Advancing Street Level Flood Vulnerability Data: Assessing Variables Extracted from Google Street View in Quito, Ecuador. IEEE Lett. Calculation. Soc. 12644-1268 (2022).
Rana, IA, Bhatti, SS & Jamshed, A. Effectiveness of flood early warning system from the perspective of experts and three affected communities in urban Pakistan. About. Hazards 20209–228 (2021).
Kreimer, A., Arnold, M. & Carlin, A. Building Safer Cities: The Future of Disaster Risk Ch 3 (World Bank Publications, 2002).